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Water resource management
 
Earlier UKSS faced severe problem of water shortage since we were located in salty Land. It was difficult to get portable drinking water. The soil condition was also not conducive to growing of plants .It was decided to dedicate the year 2008-2009 for the project named “Tanker-Free UKSS”. Accordingly, UKSS started the Project of Water Shed Management, under which major infrastructural work of two lakes viz. Madhuban Talav and Jitawani Talav. The said project is still in progress. These water recourses are supported by pipe connectivity and electric water pumps.
 
The UKSS has implemented Water Shed Development in the form of Nala Bunding, Vanarai Bandhara etc. that means check dams, small streams are been created. For the fields various methods of irrigation viz. Flood, Drip and Sprinkler was used to reduce the wastage of water and simultaneously ensure that water improves the quality of soil. With the help of said water recourses and 5 open wells and no bore well in the field, the UKSS has successfully improved the qualitative and quantitative production of crops, vegetables and other farm products.
 
The Water Shed Management Project implemented by the UKSS is a one of the path breaking projects undertaken and various organizations have visited us to understand our methods.
 
Rain Water Harvesting :
Rain water harvesting means capturing rain falls or rain water and then storing the water in clean and unpolluted way for future consumption.
 
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Therefore, water harvesting can be undertaken through a variety of ways
 
Capturing runoff from rooftops
Capturing runoff from local catchments
Capturing seasonal floodwaters from local streams
Conserving water through watershed management
 
These techniques can serve the following the following purposes :
 
Provide drinking water
Provide irrigation water
Increase groundwater recharge
Reduce storm water discharges, urban floods and overloading of sewage treatment plants
Reduce seawater ingress in coastal areas.
 
In general, water harvesting is the activity of direct collection of rainwater. The rainwater collected can be stored for direct use or can be recharged into the groundwater. Rain is the first form of water that we know in the hydrological cycle, hence is a primary source of water for us. Rivers, lakes and groundwater are all secondary sources of water. In present times, we depend entirely on such secondary sources of water. In the process, it is forgotten that rain is the ultimate source that feeds all these secondary sources and remain ignorant of its value. Water harvesting means to understand the value of rain, and to make optimum use of the rainwater at the place where it falls.
 
Ponds : UKSS made the entire KESHAV SRUSHTI CAMPUS self reliant by exploring existing water resources and using water management techniques.
Irrigation techniques
 
Drip irrigation
This is known as the most water efficient method of irrigation. Water drops right near the root zone of a plant in a dripping motion. If the system is installed properly you can steadily reduce the loss of water through evaporation and runoff.
 
Sprinkler irrigation
This is an irrigation system based on overhead sprinklers, sprays or guns, installed on permanent risers. You can also have the system buried underground and the sprinklers rise up when water pressure rises, which is a popular irrigation system for use on golf courses and parks.
 
Sprinkler irrigation
This is an irrigation system based on overhead sprinklers, sprays or guns, installed on permanent risers. You can also have the system buried underground and the sprinklers rise up when water pressure rises, which is a popular irrigation system for use on golf courses and parks.
 
Flood irrigation / Surface irrigation
Surface irrigation is defined as the group of application techniques where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity. It is by far the most common form of irrigation throughout the world and has been practiced in many areas virtually unchanged for thousands of years.
 
Surface irrigation is often referred to as flood irrigation, implying that the water distribution is uncontrolled and therefore, inherently inefficient. In reality, some of the irrigation practices grouped under this name involve a significant degree of management (for example surge irrigation). Surface irrigation comes in three major types; level basin, furrow and border strip.
 
Surface irrigation is often referred to as flood irrigation, implying that the water distribution is uncontrolled and therefore, inherently inefficient. In reality, some of the irrigation practices grouped under this name involve a significant degree of management (for example surge irrigation). Surface irrigation comes in three major types; level basin, furrow and border strip.
 
In UKSS we give exposure to students to different types of irrigational techniques. Hands-on experience of Installation and utilization is given to the students.
 
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